Development of Internal Quality Assurance in Timor-Leste (ADM FINANSAS TETUN)
Initially there was no such quality control body and/or internal quality assurance for any higher learning institutions in Timor-Leste. However, there were vivid spirit and common consciousness of country father founders, national independent fighters and intellectual scholars to promptly establish education institutions as the only best solution to state building and national development. As such few higher learning institutions started emerge such as UNTL, UNDIL, MAULEAR, UNIMAR etc. As they appeared merely out of self-motivated initiation, some of those higher institutions must be terminated by evolution over time procession and not corresponded to market demanded environment. MAULEAR and UNIMAR were then disappeared and UNDIL splinted into UNDIL and UNPAZ. Some other new universities, institutes and academy come into existence and still four more will be established, yet some of them were given serious probation status due to the “question of quality assurance of institutional education and programs of study they offer”. For us, since East Timor Institute of Business (IOB) was established on 20th August 2002, the NAAAA as national assessment and accreditation agency for quality assurance of education system in Timor-Leste has been assessing and accrediting IOB twice in 2008 and 2015. The Internal Quality Assurance was simultaneously established in 2008 as corresponded to this assessment body and was initially named as Quality Control of IOB till 2015. By now onward (2016) it changes itself to Internal Quality Assurance (IQA) for internal quality admission, education and graduation services in IOB. The Internal Quality Assurance (IQA) has been closely working with IOB as academic operating body, FKM Foundation of IOB as Board of Managing Director, NAAAA as national assessment and accreditation for institutional accreditation and programmatic accreditation once in five years and annual assessment as well as the Ministry of Education of Timor-Leste as government body to ensure quality curriculum and syllabus, quality assessment of students, quality of teaching and teaching staff, quality of resources and student support, quality information system and quality public information.